Hobos And Tramps Thesis Statement

Ladies and Gentlemen,
hobos and tramps.
Cross eyed mosquitos
and bow-legged ants.
Pull up a chair,
and sit on the floor,
I’ll tell you a story
you’ve heard before*

One bright day
in the middle of the night
two dead boys
got into a fight
they stood back to back
and faced each other
pulled out to guns
and stabbed each other
a deaf policeman heard the noise
pulled out a knife
and shot both boys
If you don’t believe me
this lie is true
just ask the blind man –
he saw it too!

This one was told to me in 1990 or 91 in Iowa, and Sherman collected an identical version dating to the 1960s, but it goes back a LONG time. Like, really long. In Iona Opie’s “Language and Lore of School Children” (1959), she lists the following variation:

Ladles and jellyspoons
I stand upon this speech to make a platform
the train I arrived in has not yet come
so I took a bus and walked
I come before you to stand behind you
and tell you something I know nothing about!

One fine day in the middle of the night
two dead men got up to a fight
back to back they faced each other
drew their swords and shot each other
a paralysed donkey passing by
kicked a blind man in the eye
knocked him through a nine inch wall
into a dry ditch and drowned them all.

Opie noted that this had been collected in 12 different schools around the UK, but that it had also been collected, with almost no variation, fifty years before. It was probably older than that, too. There was nursery rhyme about two dead horses running a race (with the blind spectators looking on) in 1830, and something similar was noted in the pocket book of a minstrel in 1480

I saw some headless playing at ball
and a handless man served them all
While some mouthless men lay and low
and some legless men away them drove

(My own crude translation of the 15th century English). This doesn’t mean that the current rhyme is actually descended from the 15th century joke – it’s important to remember that “similar to” doesn’t always mean “descended from.” But, heck, there’s also no reason that this joke couldn’t have evolved into the one on playgrounds to this day.

Again, plenty of variations go around – add the ones you heard in the comments! It had morphed into the version I heard by at least the 1970s, but even that specific version is probably a lot older than that.

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This section is a comprehensive (over 600 entries) listing of books, magazine and newspaper articles, and other reports on historical and modern day train riding culture. Included here are various listings related to the "Wobblies"(members of the Industrial Workers of the World, or I.W.W) due to their close historical association with train riding. This hobo bibliography was first compiled by Shoefly Jay and, since 2008, has been maintained and updated by the BBCRC with the help of hobo historian Dan Leen and many others. Thanks especially to Arianne Hermida and North Bank Fred who compiled and edited a major rewrite and reorganization of the bibliograpy in 2016-17. Entries that we have in our library are noted. Click on the alphabetical sections (by author's name) below to jump to that section:

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | Y

Aaron, Chester. 1986. Lackawanna, New York: Lippincott. In library.

A novel, aimed at the Jr. High level, of a gang of abandoned children living in NYC during the depression. They take to the rails when one of their younger members is kidnapped by a "jocker". Lots of rail riding as they travel from NYC to Chicago and back.

Adams, Charles E. 1902. The Real Hobo: What He Is and How He Lives, Forum, June, pp. 438-49.

Adrian, Lynne Marie. 1984. Organizing the Rootless: American Hobo Subculture, 1893-1932, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa. Advisory Committee of the Municipal Lodging House. 1915. The Men We Lodge: A Report to the Commissioner of Public Charities, New York: New York Advisory Social Service Committee.

Alexander, Edwin P. 1970. All About the Entity of the Ego Is Taught at the Hobo University, Literary Digest, July 12, 1919, p. 52.

Alger, Horatio Jr. 1910. Driven From Home: Carl Crawfords Experience, Hurst and Company, New York. In library.

Algren, Nelson. 1935. Somebody in Boots, In library.

A depression era novel with lots of rail riding.

Allsop, Kenneth. 1993. Hard Travellin': The Story of the Migrant Worker, London: Pimlico.

--- 1967. Hard Travellin': The Hobo and His History, New York: New American Library, 448 pages. Includes eight leaves of plates, illustrations, portraits, bibliography. In library.

Anderson, Edward. 1935. Hungry Men, Doubleday/Doran. NY

Anderson, Nels. 1923. The Hobo: The Sociology of the Homeless Man, reprinted 1967, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 296 pages. Includes illustrations and bibliography. In library.

A study prepared for the Chicago Council of Social Agencies under the direction of the Committee on Homeless Men, published 1923.

--- 1940. Highlights of the Migration Problem Today, Proceedings of the National Conference of Social Work, 67, pp. 109-17.

--- 1940. Men on the Move, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Sociological Series. Reprinted 1974, New York: Da Capo Press, 357 pages. Includes illustrations and bibliography.

Anderson stated in the introduction that one of the failures of The Hobo [see Anderson 1923] was the overlooking of the labor implications. This work is the rectification of that oversight. It focuses on the life of the migrant worker the migrant family, the current problems of migrancy, the plans and programs that attempted to deal with such issues, and the effects of technology and industrialization. Sixty tables containing statistical information are presented throughout the book. Many photographs, predominantly from the Farm Security Administration, are included.

--- 1975. The American Hobo, Leiden, Netherlands: E.J. Brill.

--- 1923. The Juvenile and the Tramp, Journal of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology, August 1, pp. 290-312.

--- 1931. The Milk and Honey Route: A Handbook for Hoboes, New York: Vanguard Press.

Anderson, Oscar. 2001. Hobo's Ode, Kearney, NE: Morris Publishing, 62 pp.

Anderson, Paul. 1925. Tramping with Yeggs, Atlantic Monthly, December, pp. 747-55.

Andress, Floyd. 1913. My Monks of Vagabondia, In library.

Armitage, Susan and Elizabeth Jameson. 1987. The Women's West, Norman, OK and London: The University of Oklahoma Press, 323 pages. Includes illustrations, index and bibliographies.

Ashleigh, Charles. 1914. The Floater, International Socialist Review, July 15, pp. 34-38. In library.

--- 1930. The Rambling Kid, Faber, London. Republished in 2004 by Charles H. Kerr, Chicago. In library.

This semi-biographical novel provides a first hand account of life with the Wobblies in the 1910s. Ashleigh was deported from the US in 1919. The novel was published in England and only recently became more available in the US.

Aynesworth, Hugh. 1989. Old Hobos Gather Around the Fire as Whistle Blows for a Dying Breed, Washington Times, August 14, A/1.

An account of the many hoboes who traveled from all over the country to honor their departed buddies at the Hobo Cemetery and reminisce about the so-called dying tradition of the hobo at the National Hobo Convention in Britt, Iowa.

Bahr, Howard M. 1968. Homelessness and Disaffiliation, New York: Bureau of Applied Social Research, Columbia University, under the direction of Theodore Caplow, 437 leaves.

Based upon the materials collected during Bahr's eight-year program of research conducted at the Bureau of Applied Social Research. The social organization, history, types and characteristics of homeless men and women, public attitudes about homeless men and means of control and rehabilitation are presented.

--- 1970. Disaffiliated Man, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Essays and bibliography on skid row, vagrancy, and outsiders, 428 pages with an annotated bibliography.

--- 1973. Skid Row: An Introduction to Disaffiliation, New York and London: Oxford University Press. Includes notes, name and subject indexes.

Bailey, William. 1973. Bill Bailey Came Home: As a Farm Boy, as a Stow-away at the age of Nine, a Trapper at the Age of Fifteen, and a Hobo at the Age of Sixteen, Logan: Utah State University Press, 183 pages. In library.

Although most of the story related involves growing up on a farm, first in Colorado and then moving at the age of 10 to another farm in the Snake River Basin of southern Idaho, the last part of the book describes the year he spent hoboing in the western US at the age of 16. His early experiences working on a farm stood him in good stead finding work whenever he stopped his rambling and he returned to the family farm with more money than he had left with. The hoboing portion of the book contains some good specific information on the world of the hobo ca. 1910.

Baltimore Red. 2013. Boxcar Sing Along: Songs for Hoboes & Tramps, Bums & Boomers, Wobblies & Wanderers, Riff-Raff & Rabble-Rousers, Weed, CA: Black Butte Center for Railroad Culture. In library.

Barth, Charles P. 1969. Hobo Trail to Nowhere, Philadelphia: Whitmore Publishing Co., 150 pages. In library.

Batchelor, Bronson. 1915. The Hotel de Gink, Independent, January 25, pp. 127-28.

A report on "The Hotel de Dink", established by Jeff Davis and other hoboes on the corner of Center and Worth Streets in New York City. Davis' words make up the majority of this article.

Baxter, Ellen. 1981. Private Lives/Public Spaces: Homeless Adults on the Streets of New York City, New York: Community Service Society of New York, Institute for Social Welfare Research.

Beck, Frank. 1956. Hobohemia, West Rindge, NH: Richard R. Smith, 95 pages. Republished in 2000 by Charles Kerr Publishing Co., Chicago. Includes additional editing and introduction by Franklin Rosemont. In library.

Beck tells of his personal experiences with the people, places and organizations of Chicago's hobohemia. These include Lennie the Limp, a mission stiff; Mr. Porter (rich man turned beggar man-thief due to dope addiction); Emma Goldman the queen of anarchy; Ben Reitman (hobo, whorehouse physician, lecturer, anarchist); Harry Batters, the legendary I.O.Utopian; a college bred soapboxer named Martha; Lucy Parsons, the anarchic literature zealot and widow of convicted Haymarket Riot martyr, Albert W. Parsons; Nina Van Zandt, the society debutante-anarchist; the former Noble Prize winner Jane Adams (1860-1935); Bug House Square; Madison Street; the Chicago Hobo College; and the Dill Pickle Club.

Beedon, David. 1973. Basic Training: A Pseudo Sophisticated Guide to the Proper Technique of Traveling by Freight Train in the USA Based Mainly on the Experiences of One Person Who Has Hopped Many Freights and Digs It, unpublished manuscript, 33 pages.

Bennet, Robert. 1985. Bindle Stiff: Autobiography of a Super Hobo. 306 pp. [I am unclear regarding the publisher; there is an address of Box 2529, Orillia, Ont. L3V 6K5, Canada]

This was a pleasant surprise, as it started a bit slowly, but once I got into the narrative it was hard to put down. The author evidently ended up as mayor of a small town in Canada (where he was from) and began the story describing the mayor being accosted by one of his former hobo brethren, but soon describing in detail the four years he spent hoboing and on the bum, mostly on the west coast, with descriptions of other hobos, the jungles, the skid row areas of various cities, and his brushes with the underworld and the law.

One thing that I found of particular interest was his description of a secret society of older hobos, mostly WWI vets, called the Secret Society of Hobo Brethern, although I had not heard of such a fraternity before. There is a lot of detail here for the historian, but it is worth reading just for the story. It is similar to memoirs by Will Thomas, Ramblin' Rudy, Fishbones, Elmer Fox, and Monty Holm. The prose is not highly polished, but the content more than makes up for it.

Benson, Benjamin. 1942. 500,000 Miles Without a Dollar, New York. A version of this appeared as "How To Go To California Without a Dollar" in the February 1937 issue of Hobo News[see Hobo News].

--- 1942. Hoboes of America: Sensational Life Story and Epic of Life on the Road,

Berry, Charles A. 1978. Gentleman of the Road, London

Best, Earnest. 1988. Sharecropper's Son (Down in Arkansas), Arkansas: Heritage Press.

Biermeier, Dan. 2015. The Hobo Kingdom: A Chase of Blood on Steel, Kindle Unlimited e-book. 468p.

A fictional account of riding the rails. To date only available as an e-book unfortunately. Hopefully a print edition will eventually be available.

Birks, Ken. 2014. The Adventures of Space and Hobo, self published. 282 pp.

This is a real disappointment. While I was ready to read an account of someone who lived a hedonistic life and then came to Jesus in the end, Birk's story is repetitious to the point of tedium, with a few attempts at self analysis interdispersed here and there, followed by formulaic statements of repentence: "During those lost years, I abused my mind terribly with all the drugs I took. I am very thankful to the Lord Jesus Christ for saving me and giving me a sober mind that allows me to enjoy everything around me without the aid of mind altering drugs". It does give a first hand account of hitchhiking and freighthopping during the early 70s, but lacks narrative coherence. Don't bother with this one.

Black, Jack. 1926. You Can't Win, New York: Macmillan. Reprinted 1992, Kukukuihaele, HI: Omniun, 346 pages. Reprinted 1988 by Amok Press, New York and then in 2000 by AK Press/Nabat, San Francisco.

A legendary book, bestseller in 1926, and then forgotten for many years. A journey into the hobo underworld, freight hopping around the still Wild West, becoming a highwayman and member of the yegg (criminal) brotherhood, getting hooked on opium, doing stints in jail, or escaping, often with the assistance of crooked cops or judges. Our lost history revived. AK Press/Nabat edition includes a new afterword by Bruno Ruhland, who tells what became of Jack after the book was published, and an essay by Jack Black called "What's Wrong with the Right People", originally published in Harper's. With an introduction by William Burroughs who has described it as his favorite book.

Blatchly, Charles. 1910. State Farm for Tramps and Vagrants, Survey, April 9, pp. 87-89.

Blau, Rapheal. 1955. Magnificent Hobo, Holiday, December, pp. 178-85.

Blum, Peter. The Life of a Tramp and a Trip through Hell, Florida: Warnock, 1894.

Blurr, Buz. 1999. hoohoohobos fortuitous logos, Modern Realism, P.O. Box 410837, San Francisco, CA 94141, $15 ppd. In library.

Boehnlein, James. We Turned Hobo: A Depression Tale Recovered, Columbus: The F.J. Heer Printing Co., 1937.

Bohr, Harry J. 1998. Teenage Hobos, ISBN: 0-932970-87-7, 211p. In library.

Bonosky, Philip. A Letter to Mrs. Roosevelt, Mainstream(Jan 1963) 3-22.

Bothwell, Bruce and Ronald Ries Bothwell. 2010. On the Tramp, 367 pp.

This self-published book of hobo memoirs was a pleasant surprise. While it could be improved with some copy editing and layout, the stories of the elder Bothwell more than make up for any shortcomings in their presentation. Ronald kept a journal of his hitchhiking and train riding experiences beginning in May 1924 and lasting until the end of 1933. His attempts at introspection are coherent and blend into the larger narrative. His travels range from Iowa to Utah, Utah to Montana, on to Spokane, Seattle and Portland, some time spent in California and at the Grand Canyon and Phoenix, picking apples in the Yakima Valley, working on farms in the Umpqua Valley of Oregon, with numerous detailed descriptions of his work, travel, panhandling, and then dealing with members of his far flung family when he was not on the road.

Brackett, Jeffrey. 1936. The Transportation Problem in American Social Work, New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Bragg, Roy. 1993. Lars & Lizbeth, Houston Chronicle, November 21, TM/8.

Bragg discussed author Lars Eighner's book "Travels With Lizbeth", an autobiographical saga of a modern-day hobo (hitchhiking, walking), Lars, and his dog, Lizbeth.

Brakeshoe. 2013. Speaking of Trains. 3rd Edition. Feral Press/Gloo Factory, Tucson

First self-produced in 2003, and now published and distributed by The Gloo Factory in collaboration with the Black Butte Center for Railroad Culture in Weed, CA, this is an illustrated glossary of modern day train rider slang with quite a few general railroad terms and rail worker slang thrown in as well. An expanded 4th Edition is being published in 2017.

Brewer, W. H. 1878. What Shall We Do With Tramps?, New Englander, p. 521.

Brissendon, Paul F. and Emil Frankel. 1920. The Mobility of Industrial Labor, Political Science Quarterly, December, pp. 566-94.

--- 1919. The I.W.W.: A Study of American Syndicalism, New York: Russell and Russell, 438 pages.

Broderick, Richard. 1994. The Hobo Camp, Prairie Schooner, Fall, p. 135.

Brodie, Mike. 2013. A Period of Juvenile Prosperity, Santa Fe: Twin Palms Publishing. In library.

A book of striking color photographs of young trainriders. The release of the book in early 2013 resulted in an unprecedented amount of media attention for a trainriding oriented publication.

--- 2015. Tones of Dirt and Bone, Santa Fe: Twin Palms Publishing.

A follow-up companion to his 2011 coffee table photo book. This one has relatively little on freighthopping and includes a variety of subjects — all taken with Polaroids. It is still mainly focused on the punk and traveling communities.

Bronwin, Latimer with photos by Daniel Rodrigues. 2016. Hot Free and Dangerous: A Train Ride in Mauritania, The Washington Post, February 12.

A photo story of riding the "Iron Train", a mile and a half long unit train of iron ore, across the Sahara Desert in Mauritania. Riding up top is free. Amazing black and white photos, including of people bringing their donkeys along for the ride!

Brooks, Oscar Dexter. "Legs", An Authentic Story of Life on the Road,

Brown, Dee. 1977. Hear That Lonesome Whistle Blow, Holt, New York. In library.

History of the building of the transcontinental railroads, starting in 1854 and proceeding in detail until the 1890s, then hurriedly summarizes until the 1970s. And Brown shows, repeatedly and at length, how the railroad builders screwed and continue to screw the American public and workers time and time again.

Brown, Edwin A. 1913. "Broke": The Man Without The Dime, Chicago: Browne & Howell Company. Availabile online at "archive.org/details/brokemanwithout00browgoog"".

Bruere, Robert. 1918. The Industrial Workers of the World, Harper's Monthly Magazine, July, pp. 250-57.

Bruns, Kenneth. Hobo — For America Knights of the Road, The Good old days are Gone forever, American History Illustrated 16, no.9 (1982).

Bruns, Roger. 1980. Knights of the Road: A Hobo History, New York: Methuen, 214 pages. Includes illustrations, hobo dictionary and selected bibliography. In library.

A comprehensive historical examination of the American hobo phenomenon with focus on hoboes and subtypes (e.g., jockers, moochers, thieves) of the Great Depression era. Topics also include Chicago, the work of Dr. Ben L Reitman, Nels Anderson, the I.W.W., life on the road. Convincing argument on why hoboes are not bums is provided in chapter five.

--- 1987. The Damndest Radical : The Life and World of Ben Reitman, Chicago's Celebrated Social Reformer, Hobo King, and Whorehouse Physician, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 332 pages. Includes 18 pages of plates, illustrations, index, and bibliography. In library.

Compare with Reitman 1937,

Buck, Solon. 1914. Travel and Description, 1765-1865, Together with a List of County Histories, Atlases, and Biographical Collections and a List of Territorial and State Laws, Springfield, IL: The Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, Collection of the Illinois State Historical Library Series, vol. IX., Bibliographical series, vol. II., 514 pages. Includes portraits, and facsimiles.

--- 1913. The Granger Movement: A Study of Agricultural Organization and it's Political, Economic, and Social Manifestations 1870-1880, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Reprinted, 1963, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 384 pages. Includes illustrations and bibliography.

Bull, William. 1886. Trampery: Its Causes, Present Aspects, and Some Suggested Remedies, Boston: G.H. Ellis.

Bunce, Frank. 1933. I've Got To Take a Chance, Forum, February, pp. 108-12.

Burkhardt, Jesse D.C. 2001. Freight Weather: The Art of Stalking Trains, Rolling Dreams Press. White Salmon, WA., 120 pages.

Highly recommended compilation of photography and writing about freight trains, including some riding stories.

--- 2007. Travelogue from an Unruly Youth, Rolling Dreams Press, White Salmon, WA., 176 pages. In library.

Thirty years after spending a summer riding freight trains around the country, Burkhardt goes back and writes up this travelogue of his experiences.

--- 2009. The Crowbar Hotel: by Freight Train Across Canada, Rolling Dreams Press, White Salmon, WA., 208 pages.

I started riding freight trains in 1969, the summer I turned 16, and from there I couldn't turn the switch to "stop".

--- 1997. Rolling Dreams: Portraits of the Northwest's Railroad Heritage, Rolling Dreams Press, White Salmon, WA., 88 pages.

Burns, Stella E. 1997. The Lonesome Whistle's Call, Kingston Press, West Kingston, RI, 195 pp.

This is a true story told by the hobo's wife based on his accounts of his travels, and is written in the third person. The writing is adequate and there are a lot of details of the difficulties the young hobo had during his travels in the early 1930s, but it certainly isn't the most entertaining account of hoboing you can find. There are some rather poor illustrations as well. This book is probably available as a print on demand book.

Buryn, Ed. 1973. Vagabonding in Europe and North Africa, Berkeley: The Books Works. In library.

Campbell, Bart. 2010. The Door Is Open, Anvil Press

Cannon, James Patrick. 1971. The I.W.W., New York: Merit Publishers.

Caplan, Sam. 1997. Train Tags, a University research paper, Dec. 14.

Carden, Mary. The Hobo as National Hero: Models for American Manhood in "Steam Train" Maury Graham's Autobiography, A/b: Autobiography Studies, 93-108.

Carlin, Peter. 1979. Social Outcasts: The Tramp in American Society 1873-1910, paper delivered at the annual meeting of the American Historical Association, New York, December 28.

Carnagey, Dale. 1914. The World's Best Known Hobo, American Magazine, October, pp. 58-59.

Carpenter, Thomas Phelps. Rescue Missions in the Hobohemia areas of Chicago and their work with homeless men, M.A. Thesis, 1928.

Carswell, Sean. 2008. Train Wreck Girl, San Francisco: Manic D. Press. In library.

Cassady, Neal. 1971. The First Third, San Francisco: City Lights Books, 225 pages.

Chandler, Henry "Hobo". 2012. Autobiography of a Hobo, OM Development ISBN: 1475154119. 227pp. In library.

A good story with lots of historical stuff. The author, who is occasionally liable to doing the less than honest or ethical things, nevertheless shows himself to be a man of compassion by the time his hobo days are finally behind him. He begins his journey in the City Point area of south Boston, dropping out of school and hitting the road as a teenager, finding the going rough at first. He must have had something on the ball however, as he soon became an experienced hobo. He describes the tradition of the "shacks"(RR workers) demanding payment to ride the freights and how it was a game of cat and mouse to ride without paying. He also relates his personal experiences playing semi pro baseball and encounters with prize fighters such as Jack Johnson and John L. Sullivan, running a poker game in Calgary, shipping on cruise ships and freighters, spending time as a beach bum in Hawaii, and more. The time period where he is traveling by freight train is from the 1890s through the 1930s.

Chaplin, Ralph. 1948. Wobbly: The Rough-and-Tumble Story of an American Radical, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 435 pages with portraits. An autobiography.

Chazin, Suzanne. 1991. Long Journey Home, Reader's Digest November, pp. 83-6. Includes illustrations.

Chazin recalled her father's days as a hobo during the Great Depression and how his experiences gave her the freedom to travel but also to return home.

Chelemedos, Peter. 1980. Peter, the Odyssey of a Merchant Mariner, Seattle, WA: Peanut Butter Publishing, 188 pages.

Chicago: Hobo Capitol of America, Survey, June 1,1923. pp. 303-5.

Chiles, James R. 1998. Hallelujah, I'm a Bum, Smithsonian, Washington DC August, 1998.

Historical article about hobo history from the late 1800s up until World War II.

Cole, Peter. 2007. Ben Fletcher: The Life and Times of a Black Wobbly (Including Fellow Worker Fletcher's Writings & Speeches), Charles H. Kerr Publishing, Chicago.

Comerford, Mike. 1990. Hobo Heaven, Chicago Tribune, August 17, 5/1.

Comerford commented on the National Hobo Convention in Britt, Iowa, and the traditions that surround it including the annual election of a King and Queen of the Hoboes.

Conover, Ted. A Morning with Pops, Amherst, Winter, 1981.

--- Busted in Boomtown, Denver Magazine, Nov, 1981.

--- 1984. Rolling Nowhere: A Young Man's Adventures Riding the Rails with America's Hoboes, New York, NY: Viking Press, 274 pages. Includes two pages of plates and a journey map. In library.

Conover, an anthropology student, gives his account of riding sixty-five freight trains over 12,000 miles in fifteen states.

Cooper, Harry and Page Cooper. Footloose Fiddler, New York: Whittlesey House, 1945.

Cotton, Eddy Joe. (Zebu Recchia). 2005. Hobo Lexicon, Buk America, Los Angeles. 32 p.

This is a reprinting of the Hobo Glossary that was featured in the last section of Cotton's book Hobo. It repeats the same mistakes (for instance, making the bizarre claim that 48s are named that, not because they hold 48' shipping containers, but because they go 48 miles per hour. What happens when a 53' and a 48' are on the same train?)

--- 2002. Hobo: A young man's thoughts on trains and tramping in America, New York, NY: Harmony Books, ISBN 0-609-60738-3. In library.

A poorly written account of hoboing in the 1990s that has received more attention than it deserved. Contains a long "hobo glossary" full of errors.

Crampton, Frank. 1956. Deep Enough: A Working Stiff in the Western Miners' Camp, Denver: Sage Books.

Cray, Ed. 2006. Ramblin' Man: The Life and Times of Woody Guthrie, WW Norton, New York.

The first full-blown biography of Guthrie in two decades, since Joe Klein's well known book. It relies on a great deal of previously untouched material in the Woody Guthrie Archives, in the papers of Richard Reuss housed at the University of Indiana, and in private collections as well as new interviews.

Cresswell, Tim. 2001. The Tramp in America, London: Reaktion Books. In library.

Cronon, William with George Miles and Jay Gitlin editors. 1992. Under an Open Sky: Rethinking America's Western Past, New York, NY : W.W. Norton, 354 pages. Includes illustrations, index, and bibliographical references.

--- 1991. Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West, New York, and London: W.W. Norton, 530 pages. Includes 30 pages of plates, illustrations, maps, index, bibliographical references.

Culberston, Ely. The Strange Lives of One Man, Philadelphia: Winston, 1940.

Culver, Benjamin. Transient Unemployed Men, Sociology and Social Research(17) 1933: 519-34.

Dahlberg, Edward. 1930. Bottom Dogs, In library.

Daniel, Bill. 2012. Mostly True, Microcosm Publishing, Portland, OR. 168 pages.

This is a revised and expanded edition of the book originally published in 2008. "Daniel has crafted a remarkable book to go with his twenty-years-in-the-making Who Is Bozo Texino?— a documentary about modern day hobos, rail workers and a forgotten outsider subculture. It's full of obscure railroad nostalgia — the result of a 25 year obsession with hobo and railworker folklore. Freight riding stories, interviews with hobos and boxcar artists, historical oddities, and tons of photos of modern day boxcar tags are all presented in the guise of a vintage rail fanzine". Available through Microcosm Publishing.

d'Autremont, Hugh. 1989. Rails North, Vantage Press. In library.

Davenport, Paula. 1989. Retired Hobo Eager to Hit the Road Again, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, August 7, 1989.

A feature about Rudy Phillips, the National 1986 King of the Hobos, and his Hobo Museum in Shawneetown, IL.

Davidson, Dale L. 2006. Dead Man's Clothes: The Bum Camp of Tolt, Washington, Hancock House Publishers, Blaine, WA, 144 pp.

A personal memoir of growing up on a small farm in the Snoqualmie Valley near the "bum camp" where chronic inebriates from Seattle's streets were housed during the 1930s. Although this is more about the kid's perspective, it does have some information about the nearby facility located next to his farm and some of the home guard who spent time there "drying out". There was also a small hobo jungle near the tracks where 'bos would catch out on the fly, but there is little about these hobos in the book.

Davies, Peter. 1930. The Tramp's Anthology

Davies, William Henry. 1897. The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp, London: McKenzie Flowers & Co. Reprinted 1917, New York, NY: A. A. Knopf, 345 pages; 1942, 1952, London: Jonathan Cape, 318 pages, with preface by G. Bernard Shaw. 1926. Available online at "archive.org/details/autobiographyofs00davi". In library.

--- The Adventures of Johnny Walker, Tramp, London: J. Cape. Reprinted 1970, London: A.C. Fitfield, 256 pages.

Another hard to find account of hoboing and tramping during the late 1800s. Davies describes losing a foot while attempting to catch out on the fly in an earlier book (published in 1897) and does not mention any such impediment to his tramping in England in this one, so presumably these adventures predate 1897. In Johnny Walker, he describes the tramp in America as looking down on the hobo, as the true tramp always begged for his sustenance and avoided work whenever possible. Most of this book however describes the tramp in England (where all transportation was by foot unless paid for by money begged) where the true tramps also scorned those who survived by means other than begging. Davies includes some examples of tramp argot as well as very detailed examples of tramp and non-tramp interactions to back up his analysis of what motivated this class of vagabond.

Davis, Kingsley. 1935. Youth in the Depression, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Davis, Marc. 1995. On the Road Again: College Professor Cliff Oats Williams is at Home with Hobos and Homeless, Chicago Tribune, Sunday, March 12.

Davis, Maxine. 1932. 200,000 Vagabond Children, Ladies Home Journal, Sept. 8-9, 46-48.

DeCaux, Len. 1970. Labor Radical: From the Wobblies to CIO, Boston, MA: Beacon Press/Unitarian Universalist Association.

Dees, James Walter. 1948. Flophouse, New Hampshire: Mother Jones

Delaney, Kelly. 1970. The World through a Hobo's Eyes, View Publications, Doylestown, PA

Dell, Floyd. 1926. Intellectual Vagabondage: An Apology for the Intelligentsia, New York: George H. Doran Company

Delucchi, Tony. 2012. "Get Outta the Yards!", Createspace.com. In library.

This is a journal from 1931 self-published by the author's daughter in 2012. In the middle of the worsening Great Depression, two young men from Stockton, CA hit the rails, not for work but to go to a football game in South Bend, Indiana.

Depastino, Todd. 2003. Citizen Hobo: How a Century of Homelessness Shaped America, University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 325 pages with an index. In library.

Derrick, Matt. 2017. The Anarchist's Guide to Travel: A Manual for Future Hitchhikers, Hobos and Other Misfit Wanderers, 234 pages.

A beginner's guide to underground/alternative travel, written by the founder of the Squat the Planet website. Topics include punk traveling culture and living on the cheap, hitching, train hopping, rubber tramping, and related stuff. Self-published and available through the Squat the Planet website.

Devine, Dave. 2006. Train Talk, Tucson Weekly March 16. www.tucsonweekly.com/tucson/train-talk/Content?oid=1083547

A short article on railroad culture and lingo focused on Tucson and Dwight Metzer, the publisher of Speaking of Trains and Something About a Train,

Dewhurst, H.S. 1955. The Railroad Police, Springfield, IL.

Digit. 1924. Confessions of a 20th Century Hobo, Herbert Jenkins Ltd., London.

Sort of in the same genre as those hobo memoirs written by "A#1", amusing, picaresque, but little of real interest. A bit of racism, the story of a Brit on the bum in '20s America.

Dixon, Winifred Hawkbridge. The Disappearing Tramp, 1907. The Nation, January 3.

A commentary about types of hoboes and their respective profiles with particular comparison between "yeggs" and "tramps".

--- 1922. Westward Hoboes, NY: Scribner. Available online at "archive.org/details/westwardhoboes00dixo".

Douglass, William O. 1974. Go East, Young Man, New York: Dell Publishing Company. In library.

A memoir of a supreme court justice, who grew up poor, hopped trains, and never forgot what poverty means. Douglas was responsible for Supreme Court decisions declaring anti-vagrancy laws unconstitutional.

Downing, Mortimer. Drawbacks of Being a Knight of the Road, Literary Digest, November 11, 1916, pp. 1281-86.

---. 1913. The Case of the Hop Pickers, International Socialist Review, October, pp. 210-213.

Drew, Bettina. The Texas Stories of Nelson Algren

Driscoll, Bill J. 2002. Diary of a Hobo, Xlibris Corp.

Dubofsky, Melvyn. 1968. We Shall Be All: A History of the Industrial Workers of the World, Urbana: University of Illinois Press, also 1986. Reprinted 1969, Chicago and New York: Quadrangle. In library.

--- 1987. "Big Bill" Haywood [1869-1928], New York: St. Martin's Press, 184 pages. Includes index and bibliography.

Duda, John(editor). Wanted: Men to Fill the Jails of Spokane! Fighting for Free Speech with the Hobo Agitators of the I.W.W., Charles H. Kerr, Chicago 2009. In library.

John Duda has edited and written a forward to this collection of articles and writings about the IWW's free speech fight in Spokane, Washington in 1909, published on its 100th anniversary. It includes articles from the Industrial Worker, International Socialist Review, and other sources.

Duffy, Bruce. 1989. Catching a Westbound Freight, Harper's Magazine, June, pp. 49-61.

Novelist Duffy recounted his first experience hopping a freight train with veteran hoboes Beargrease and Seattle Slim. The National Hobo Convention in Britt, IA is mentioned.

Duis, Perry R. 1983. The Saloon: Public Drinking in Chicago and Boston, Urbana and Chicago, IL: University of Illinois Press, 380 pages with an index.

Duke, Donald. 1967-8. The Railroad Tramp, American Railroad Journal, 2, pp.32-45.

Duncan, Dayton and Ken Burns. 1997. Lewis and Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery, New York: Alfred A. Knopf. In library.

--- 1988. Out West: American Journey Along the Lewis and Clark Trail, New York: Penguin Books. In library.

Dunn, Katie. Train Hopping, Portland Mercury, Vol. 1 No 7. In library.

Dunn, Martha. 1906. Philosophy and the Tramps, Atlantic Monthly, June, pp. 776-83.

Eberhardt, David and Xavier Tavera. 2012. Home Free, Minnesota Center for Media Arts. Photo Book Press.

A book of photographs based on art shows hosted by by the Minnesota Center for Media Arts in St. Paul, MN in 2012. Eberhardt's photo collection is called "By Rail" and features shots of tramps in the western US, mainly in the 1990s. Many of the charactors portrayed will be familiar to viewers of the movie "Long Gone". Xavier Tavera's photos document squatting and squatters and complement the rail photos quite well.

Edge, William. 1927. The Main Stem, New York: Vanguard Press.

A memoir of the WWI years, probably hard to find, but worth finding and reading.

Edwards, Duval. Short Horn Hobo: Son of the Great Depression, Authorhouse, Bloomington, IN

This is a memoir of a teenager's struggle to survive in Lousiana and Texas in the '30s, fairly well written and thus a good read. The copy I got also included his later life in parts 2 and 3, which include accounts of becoming a lawyer in San Antonio and later intelligence work with the US Army during WWII. It reminds me of Monty Holm's story of his life. I would recommend this, although it does not have a great deal about traveling by freight train.

Edwards, Duval. 1992. The Great Depression And a Teenager's Fight To Survive. New York: Red Appel Publishing

Ehrenreich, Ben. 2002. The Hobohemians, LA Weekly Vol. 24, No. 8 July 26-August 1, 2002, Los Angeles.

An account of traveling to and from the 2002 Dunsmuir, CA hobo gathering and interviewing participants. Photos by Virginia Lee Hunter.

Ehrman, Mark. 1991. A Tradition Rides "the Westbound", Los Angeles Times, August 27, E/1.

A feature about the National Hobo Convention in Britt, Iowa.

Eichenlaub, G.E. Hobo's Traverse

Eighner, Lars. 1993. Travels with Lizbeth, New York: St. Martin's Press.

Eighner's personal account of his travels with his dog Lizbeth (predominantly hitchhiking and walking). It provides insight into the aspects of homeless life, temporary living arrangements, unemployment, canine companionship, male homosexuality, dumpster diving, alcohol, drugs, insanity, and writing as a profession. [see Bragg 1993].

Eisley, Loren. 1975. All the Strange Hours: The Excavation of Life, New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 273 pages: illustrations.

A memoir of the 1930s by a later rather famous scientist and writer.

Elam, Samuel Milton. 1930. Lady Hoboes, New Republic, January 1, pp. 164-69.

In this narrative with dialogue, Elam tells of his personal acquaintance and experiences with five ladies of the road:(1) an unidentified woman on the Southern Pacific, (2-3) Daisy and Moll, two once-were reform school girls turned hobo with the help of Ding Lewis, (4) a woman named Mary, approximately fifty years of age, with a knack for soliciting and receiving hand-outs, and (5) Sal Harper, as told by Frisco Pete.

Etulain, Richard, editor. 1977. Jack London on the Road: The Tramp Diary and other Hobo Writings, Logan: Utah State University Press, 209 pages. Includes two leaves of plates, illustrations, and bibliographical references.

Facciolo, Jay. 1977. The Wobs and the Bos: The IWW and the Hobo, unpublished masters thesis, Hunter College of the City University of New York.

Fagan, James. Confessions of a Railroad Signalman, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1908.

Falk, Candace(editor). 2008. Emma Goldman: Made for America, 1980-1901, Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Pres. In library.

Farrington, Selwyn Kip. 1951. Railroading the Modern Way, New York: Coward-McCann, 395 pages. Includes illustrations.

Feied, Frederick. 1964. No Pie in the Sky: The Hobo as American Cultural Hero, Michigan State University/Citadel Press, New York. In library.

Fendelman, Helaine. Tramp Art,

Ferguson, Sarah. 1994. Meet the Crusties, Esquire, January, pp. 68-75.

A discussion of the author's travels with members of the "generation-X-hobo-punk" movement [see Powers 1994].

Fletcher, Ben. 2006. The Life and Times of a Black Wobbly, Charles H. Kerr, Chicago

A collection of writings by a well-known African-American Wobbly organizer, Benjamin Fletcher (1890-1949), edited by Peter Cole and including some biographical notes on Fletcher. Published for the first time in 2006 by Charles Kerr.

Flynt, Josiah. (??)The Little Brother, 1902, The Century Co., New York. 254 pp.

This novel is a bit Victorian in style, with the treacle a bit thick in places, but it does have some fairly specific descriptions of the east coast and Midwestern tramp/hobo subculture, particularly regarding the institution of Jockers and Prushins and how young boys would be lured onto the road, eventually to be "emancipated" to become full fledged tramps. I would recommend this only for the truly dedicated scholar of hobohemia.

---. How Men Become Tramps, The Century, volume 50, issue 6, Oct 1895.

---. The Railroads and the Tramp, The Century, volume 58, issue 2, June 1899.

---. Tramping with Tramps, The Century Co. 1899.

For Hoboes: Hobo News, 1937, Time, May 17, pp. 67-69.

Short account of Ben Benson's almost-incarceration by the New York City Police department for selling the Hobo News— a magazine the police thought to be a hoax and a money making scam. Brief description about the Hobo News is provided.

Foner, Phillip S. 1997. The Great Labor Uprising of 1877, New York: Pathfinder Press.

Outlines the Railroad Strike of 1877 and how this first generalized strike of U.S. workers spread across the entire country.

Forbes, James. 1903. Jockers and the Schools They Keep, Charities, November 7, pp. 432-36.

---. 1911. John the Yeggman, Outlook, August 12, pp. 823-828.

Forbes provides insight into the practices, methods, tools and behavioral characteristics of yeggs (safe-cracking criminals and/or criminals who ride the rails and rob others). John Yegg is a term, not a specific person. However, many real-life yeggs are discussed (e.g., Topeka Joe, Fatty Ghee, Buck Bullard).

---. 1911. The Tramp; or Caste in the Jungle, Outlook, August 19, pp. 869-75.

The editors of the Outlook noted that Forbes — as the Secretary of the National Association for the Prevention of Mendicancy — was the leading authority of the country on underworld having studied those sections of criminal and diligent classes [p.869]. Forbes discussed the distinctions and background of the members of the various hobo strata (classes): tramps, hoboes, gaycats, transient workmen, jockers, kids, nixey winger (person without arms due to train accident), and mush faks. Specific cases and people are used to illustrate various points (e.g., Ohio Slim, Susquehanna Red, Spider Kid). Modes of communication (e.g., the water tower bulletin board), hobo fatalities, drinking, terminology, are discussed and lyrics to a few songs are provided.

Foster, Harry L. 1922. The Adventures of a Tropical Tramp, Dodd Meade & Co. Availabile online at "hdl.handle.net/2027/uc1.$b144998".

Foster, William Z. 1939. Pages from a Worker's Life, New York: International Publishers Co.

Fotografia Magazine. 2016. These are the faces of America's Train Riders, Interview with Michael Joseph and photos from his photo collection Lost and Found, Posted March 16, 2016. Available online at "fotografiamagazine.com/lost-and-found-train-riders-michael-joseph/".

Lost and Found is a collection of black and white portraits of young trainriders. The photographer has never hopped trains and doesn't portray train riding, just riders.

Fox, Charles Elmer. 1989. Tales of an American Hobo, Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 226 pages. Reprint (?) at 265 pages. Preface by Albert A. Stone, introduction by Lynne M. Adrian [see Adrian]. Includes bibliographic references. In library.

Reefer Charlie rode the rails from 1928-1939 and from 1939 to 1965 he hitchhiked and traveled by foot.

Fox, R.M. 1930. Rolling Stones, Nineteenth Century, June, pp. 846-54.

Fox, Terry. 1985. Hobo Signs: A Compilation of Hobo Signs for Those Who May One Day Find Them Useful, Munchen, Germany: Kunstraum Munchen, 112 pages with bibliographical references.

A collection of hobo signs illustrated in freehand with definitions with a brief history.

Freed, Dolly. 1978. Possum Living: How to live well without a job and with (almost) no money, Tin House Books, Portland, OR. In library

First published by Universe Books in 1978, reissued by Tin House in 2010. This new edition includes some retrospective notes by the author in which she expresses regret for some of the advice she gave in the original edition. No train riding involved but it is an interesting view on life by a teen-age girl living with her dad in rural Pennsylvania, trying to get by without much money.

Fried, Frederick. 1964. No Pie in the Sky; The Hobo as American Cultural Hero in the works of Jack London (1876-1916), John Dos Passos (1896-1970), and Jack Kerouac (1922-1969), New York: Citadel Press, 95 pages with a bibliography.

Gaignault, Fabrice. 2005. La Vie aux Trousses, Marie Claire(French edition) January.

A French language article. The author attends a hobo gathering in Dunsmuir, California and then travels around the West with a group of young women train-riders. Photos by Jack Cahill.

Garahan, Melbourne. 1924. Stiffs, New York: T. Seltzer, 311 pages.

Garland, Hamlin. 1917. A Son of the Middle Border, New York, NY: The Macmillan Company. Reprinted 1927, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 467 pages. Available online at "archive.org/details/asonofmiddle00garlrich".

---. 1926a. Trail-Makers of the Middle Border, New York, NY: The Macmillan Company, 426 pages. Includes illustrations and plates.

---. 1926b. A Daughter of the Middle Border, New York, NY: Grosset & Dunlap, 405 pages.

Garon, Paul and G. Tomko. 2006. What's the Use of Walking if There's a Freight Train Going Your Way? Black Hoboes and their Songs, Chicago, Charles Kerr Publishing. 288 pages with index and bibliography. In library.

Garrad, G.A. (??)Gentle Art of Hoboing As Practiced by an Artist, Literary Digest, July 16, 1921, pp. 40-43.

---. 1896. Boy Tramps and Reform Schools; A Reply to Mr. Flynt, Century, April, p. 955.

Gastman, Roger, D. Rowland and I. Sattler. 2006. Freight Train Graffiti, New York: Abrams, Inc. 352 pages with index. In library.

While this well-illustrated book is mainly about aerosol graffiti, Chapter 8, "Monikers", features 32 pages of hobo and railworker graffiti.

Gilmore, Harlan. The Beggar, New York: University of North Carolina Press, 1940.

Gojack, John. A Long Way From Hungary.

Goldman, Emma. 1910. Anarchism, and Other Essays with Biographic Sketch by Hippolyte Havel, Reprinted 1969, Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 277 pages with portraits.

---. 1931. Living My Life, New York: Alfred A. Knopf. Reprinted 1970, New York, NY: Da Capo Press, 2 volumes, includes illustrations, portraits; and 1982, Salt Lake City: G.M. Smith, 993 pages with portraits.

Goodkind, Ben. 1907. An American Hobo in Europe: A True Narrative of...

Gordon, John. 1927. Tramp Printer, The Gordon Press, Brewer, Maine

Gracey, Everett L. 1999. From a 13 Year Old Hobo to an Entrepeneur, published by E.L. Gracey, Box 6000, Reno NV 89513-6000. 80pp.

This guy had a pretty rough time of it, but not nearly as well written. More for the reader who reads everything they can find on the hobo experience.

Graham, Maury "Steam Train" and Robert J. Hemming. 1985. A History of Hoboes, Tramps, and other Vagabonds, Toledo, OH: Graham.

A discussion of the definitions and distinctions of hoboes, tramps, transients, hitchhikers, bums, boomers, gypsies, winos, and rubber vagabonds. This also contains another of Graham's books, Patches.

---. 1985. Patches: About Britt, Iowa and its Hoboes, Toledo, OH: Graham.

---. 1990. Tales of the Iron Road: My Life as King of the Hobos, New York: Paragon House, 222 pages. In library.

Grajek, Dan. 2016. The Last Hobo, Roundbarn Media LLC. In library.

A long, 346 page self-published, "mostly true" memoir about a 19 year old guy and his buddy who leave the Detroit area to travel around the country in the late 1970s. Mostly involves hitch hiking but he eventually starts riding the rails. Lots of pop culture references to the music, politics and culture of that era. A free chapter can be downloaded from the book's website.

Grant, Richard. 2003. Ghost Riders: Travels with American Nomads, Little, Brown. 288 pages. In library.

Describes his travels over 15 years meeting a variety of nomadic types. Only peripherally about hoboing. A hardcover version is titled "American Nomads".

Grayson, David. 1925. Adventures of David Grayson: Adventures in Contentment, Adventures in Friendship, The Friendly Road, New York: Doubleday.

Green, Alet al. (editors) 2007. The Big Red Songbook, Charles H Kerr, Chicago

This is a revised and expanded version of the IWW classic songbook, including all the songs included in the original 1909-1973 editions plus newer adaptations.

Green, Howard. 1979. A Devil With a Lot of Questions: Reverend John McCook and His 1891 Tramp Survey, paper presented at the annual meeting of the Organization of American Historians, New Orleans, LA, April

Greenhalgh, Cy. W. 2000. Rogues, Hoboes, and Entrepreneurs, a good memoir of the 30's hobo experience, with other experiences before and after. 218 pp.

Gregory, Ted. 1995. Weekend Hobos Romance of the Rails Lures Some Unlikely Vagabonds, Chicago Tribune, July 3.

An article about the "Loco Motives", a group of hobo enthusiasts who gather to share hobo stories in Chicago. The truths about rail life, its lure, and Chicago are discussed. A hobo glossary is included.

Grienbrier, J.J. 1977. Railroadin, Etc.

A very unusual fictionalized account of poverty and rail riding in the south in the 1930s. Appears to be based on the author's experiences.

Grosfield, Byron. 1981. Buckaroos and Boxcars, Big Timber, Montana: Pioneer Publishing Co.

Grossardt, Ted. 1996. Harvest(ing) Hoboes: The Production of Labor Organization through the Wheat Harvest, Agricultural History 2, pgs 283-302.

Guitar Solo to the Luring Freight Car, 1923. Chicago Literary Times, June 15.

Gurule, Jo Ann. 2009. Life for the American Hobo, PublishAmerica, Baltimore (I think this is a print on demand book).

A turkey, this book is poorly written, mainly a rehash of information easily found in a number of other, more well known histories of hobo life.

Guthrie, Woody. 1943. Bound for Glory, New York, NY: E.P. Dutton. Reprinted 1983, New York: New American Library, 320 pages with illustrations. In library.

Gutman, Herbert. 1973. Work, Culture, and Society in America, 1815-1919, American Historical Review, June.

Gypsy Moon. 1996. Done & Been: Steel Rail Chronicles of American Hobos, Indiana University Press, 216 pages with 22 photos. Includes recipes and interviews with contemporary riders and erstwhile riders. In library.

Haardt, Sara. 1928. Jim Tully, American Mercury, May, pp. 82-89.

Hacha, Barbara. 2011. Line by Line, MediaMix Productions LLC.

A self-published novel, set in the Great Depression about a young woman who flees her central Ohio town and starts riding freight trains. The book has had several favorable reviews and awards.

---. 2013. Mulligan Stew: Stories and Traditions of American Hobos, MediaMix Productions LLC. In library.

Mainly based on the author's visit to the Britt, Iowa National Hobo Convention in 2011, this book consists of a series of anecdotes and interviews with convention attendees combined with a certain amount of secondary historical research. It ends up coming across as narrow and superficial in its perspective and includes a lot of recycled information similar to what can be found in other books that base their perspective of the hobo world on Britt and its traditions.

Hader, John, J. 1928. Honk Honk Hobo, The Survey, August 1, pp. 453-455.

An early article about rubber-tramping. The context is mostly a comparison between rubber-tramps and freight tramps. Interesting photos.

Haggard, Merle with Peggy Russell. with Tom Carter. 1999. My House of Memories, Cliff Street Books.

Another Haggard memoir with descriptions of his train riding days.

Haggard, Merle with Peggy Russell. 1981. Sing Me Back Home, Times Books 287 pages.

A memoir with freighthopping involved.

Hahn, Jessica Erica. 1997. Transient Ways, Passing Through Publications.

Hall, J. N. 1892. How the Tramp Travels, Harper's Weekly, March 12, pp. 255-56.

Hallet, Richard Mathews. This Rolling World.

Hallman, Tom Jr. 1995. Rail Police Have Hard Life on Tracks, Oregonian, Monday, April 17, B/6.

An article about the trivialities, dangers, and difficulties of railroad police work with excerpts of interviews with Tom Morrison, supervising agent in Portland, OR and special agent Bob Spinks of the Union Pacific Railroad.

Hammeke, Joe. 2017. Brad Westcott Rides the Rails, Thrasher Magazine, February.

Article about Brad Westcott, a Arizona-based skater who also rides trains. The online version includes more of Brad's good photos.

Hanson, George. God bless you Big Joe, The Evening Sun, Baltimore, May 18 1983, A12.

Hapgood, Hutchins. 1910. Types From City Streets, New York: Garrett Press. Reprinted 1970, The Social History of Poverty: The Urban Experience Series, 379 pages with illustrations.

Harlow, Alvin Fay. 1931. Old Bowery Days: The Chronicles of A Famous Street, New York and London: D. Appleton, 564 pages. Includes illustrations and bibliography.

Harper, Douglas A. 1976. The Homeless Man: An Ethnography of Work, Trains, and Booze, Ph.D. dissertation, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Microfilms. In library.

---. 1979. Life on the Road, in John Wagner, ed., Images of Information: Still Photography in Social Sciences, Sage Focus Editions, Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 311 pages. Includes preface by Howard S. Becker and bibliography.

---. 1982. Good Company, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

The dialogue between Harper (a sociologist), his riding partner Carl (a hobo) and the various hoboes encountered during Harper's month-long field work riding the rails. It is presented according to the sequence of events. Harper's concerns were primarily work-related issues and the majority of the dialogue presented is about these topics along with alcohol, drugs, women and law.

Harring, Sidney. 1977. Class Conflict and the Suppression of Tramps in Buffalo, 1892-1894, Law and Society Review, Summer.

Harris, Leo. 1878. The Man Who Tramps, Indianapolis.

Harris, Sara. 1956. Skid Row, U.S.A., Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 285 pages. In library.

Harris attempted to debunk "common misconceptions" about those who belong to the Skid Row class. Chapter Seven "Hobohemia U.S.A", is a conversation between Harris and hoboes "Schloime the Troime", "Cussin Cassidy", "Rickety Stan", and "Big Belly Bob Johnson". The I.W.W. is a large portion of the discussion.

Hayes, Nick. 2016. Woody Guthrie and the Dust Bowl Ballads, Abrams Comic Arts: New York.

A full-length hardcover graphic novel based on the life and legacy of the famous musician, including portrayals of his rambling hobo days.

Haywood, Bill. 1929. Bill Haywood's Book: The Autobiography of William D. Haywood, New York: International Publishers.

---. 1969. The I.W.W. Trial: The Case of the United States Versus William D. Haywood and Others, Held at the United States District Court at Chicago, 1918, New York: Arno Press, Mass Violence America Series, 208 pages.

Healy, T.F. 1926. Hobo Hits the Highroad, American Mercury, July, pp. 334-38.

Hedin, Robert(editor). 1996. The Great Machines: Poems and Songs of the American Railroad. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press. In library.

Heller, H.J. Hoboes Boxcar Rides a Journey into Life, Pittsburg Press, Dec 23, 1979.

Hennessy, D. On the Bum, Five Blue Books. In library.

Hermida, Arianne. 2016. Wobbly Wheels: The IWW's Boxcar Strategy, IWW History Project. University of Washington. Available online at "depts.washington.edu/iww/wobbly_trains.shtml".

Herrick, William. 2001. Jumping the Line, AK Press, Oakland, 279 pages.

An autobiographical account of "the adventures and misadventures of an American radical". Herrick was at various times a farm worker, member of the IWW, hobo, fighter in the Spanish Civil War, and novelist.

Hertoghs, Jan. 1996. On the Rail Again, from the Belgian magazine Humo, in 4 parts, July 23, July 30, Aug. 6, Aug. 13

Hibberd, James. 1998. Trainhopping, Austin American-Statesman, Jan. 15

Hicks, John Edward. 1950. Adventures of a Tramp Printer, 1880-1890, Midamericana Press, Kansas City, 285 pp.

Higbie, Frank Tobias. 2003. Indispensable Outcasts: Hobo Workers and Community in the American Midwest 1880-1930, University of Illinois Press, Urbana and Chicago.

Hinkle, Ray. 1991. Polk County Vagabond: A Hobo Autobiography

Hobo Hegemony: Convention to Decide Among Rival Kings of Road Knights, Literary Digest, April 10, 1937, pp. 10-12. Originally appeared in Hobo News. Reprinted by National Hobo Foundation, Britt, Iowa.

Hobo News, February 1937-April 20,1948, published by Patrick Mulkern, Ben Hobo, "the Coast Kid" Benson - business manager.

Featured articles, poems, cartoons, and occasionally songs about politics, law enforcement, employment, and hobo life that catered to hobo culture (including hobo-sympathizers and hobo-intellectuals). It maintained and promoted a strongly pro-American viewpoint and also served as a political advocate on the behalf of hoboes.

Hobo Times: American's Journal of Wanderlust. 1987-1999. In library.

This magazine was published 3-5 times a year by the National Hobo Association (NHA) and distributed to its members. Based in Los Angeles (199x-199x) and then Bemidji, Minnesota, when it was edited by Buzz Potter and gained a full-color cover. Included photos, articles, poetry and news oriented at recreational trainriders.

Hoboes' Union, Journal of Switchman's Union of North America, 1914, pp. 20-22.

Hofer, E. 1893-94. The Tramp Problem, Overland Monthly, 23, p. 628.

Hoffman, Victor F. 1953. The American Tramp, 1870-1900, Masters thesis, University of Chicago.

Hoffmeister, Peter. 2015. The Freedom and Danger of Freight-Hopping Across America, Vice Magazine. February 12. Available online at "www.vice.com/read/the-illegal-freight-train-life-stolen-pizzas-and-hobo-handjobs-212".

An interview with Mike Ranta, one of a number of a photographers who are enjoying commercial success/career advancement through photographing and documenting train riders and modern hobo culture.

Hofvendahl, Russ. 1995. A Land So Fair and Bright, published by the author. Contact: Russ Hofvendahl, P.O. Box 5458, San Jose, CA 95150-5458.

A memoir of a trip in 1938 through western Canada and around the US. Well written, makes the 1930s come alive.

Holm, Monte. 1999. Once a Hobo:The Autobiography of Monte Holm with Dennis Clay, Michigan: Proctor Publications, LLC. In library.

The book can also be purchased from "The House of Poverty Museum" and Moses Lake Iron & Metal, P.O. Box 448, Moses Lake, WA 98837 (509) 765-6342.

Holter, Darryl and William Deverall. 2016. Woody Guthrie and Skid Row in Los Angeles 1937-1941, Angel City Press. Los Angeles, CA.

As the Depression deepened and the dark dust storms ravaged the towns of the Southwest, Woody Guthrie learned to ride the rails and interact with migrant workers, the homeless, and hoboes. He arrived in Los Angeles in 1937 penniless and without a job or a place to live. As Woody wrote in 1939, "Skid Row is generally where you land when you first hit Los Angeles on a freight train a'blowin' out of the Dustbowl". During his years in Los Angeles from 1937 to 1941 Woody spent a lot of time on L.A.'s Skid Row. He often worked there, frequently performing his songs for tips and drinks in the bars, coffee shops, and street corners...

Homeless Youth Alliance. n.d. Through Our Eyes. San Francisco. In library.

Hoover, Erin. 1996. Police Question Suspect in Boxcar Slayings, The Oregonian, March 7, B/1.

A report on the investigation of Robert Joseph Silveria (aka"Sidetrack"), suspected of killing two men found in boxcars in Oregon. His involvement in homicides in Arizona, California, Kansas, Montana, Texas and Utah is also mentioned.

Hopkins, Bobb "Santa Fe 'Bo". 1988. Hobo Travel Guide, Los Angeles: National Hobo Association.

An introduction to freight hopping and the National Hobo Association.

How Baltimore Banished Tramps, Forum, pp. 497-504. An early article on the tramp problem and the in-vogue remedies of the day.

How to Tell a Hobo from a Mission Stiff, Survey, March, 21, 1914, p. 781.

Howe, Ken. 1996. American Nomads, San Francisco Chronicle, Jan. 14

Hubbard, Elbert. 1893. Rights of Tramps, Arena, pp. 593-600.

Hultkrans, Andrew. 1998. Photo Bill's search for Bozo Texino, from the StimWebsite

Hungry Wolf, Adolf and Okan. 1985. Canadian Railway Stories: 100 Years of History and Lore, Skookumchuck, B.C.: Good Medicine Books. In library.

Hunt, Max. 2016. Off the beaten track: Freight trains, freedom and the traveling culture, Mountain Xpress Weekly Newspaper. Asheville, NC. Pubished July 7, 2016. Available online at "mountainx.com/news/off-the-beaten-track-freight-trains-freedom-and-the-traveling-culture".

Hurd, Thacher. 1980. Hobo Dog, Scholastic Book Services. New York. In library.

A kid's color illustrated book about the adventures of a dog named Hobo who loves junkyards and riding freight trains! Nice drawings, highly recommended. There are at least two other later books in the Hobo Dog series, I don't know if there is as much train riding in those books as in this original one though.

Hurt, R. Douglas. 1981. The Dust Bowl: An Agricultural and Social History, Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 214 pages. Includes 16 leaves of plates, illustrations, maps, index, and bibliography.

Hyde, James. 1983. Memoirs of a Teenage Hobo in the Thirties, Rev edition, Carlton Press.

Industrial Workers of the World. 1909. Songs of the IWW (to fan the flames of discontent)(aka the "Little Red Songbook"). IWW, Chicago. 38th edition updated and reprinted by the IWW in May, 2010. In library.

Irwin, Godfrey. 1930. The American Tramp and Underworld Slang, New York: Sears Publishing Company Co. Reprinted in 1931 as American Tramp and Underworld Slang; Words and Phrases used by Hoboes, Tramps, Migratory Workers and Those on the Fringes of Society, With Their Uses and Origins, with a Number of Tramp Songs, Edited, with Essays on the Slang and the Songs, by Godfrey Irwin. With a Terminal Essay on American slang in its Relation to English Thieves' Slang, by Eric Partridge, London: E. Partridge, Ltd. at the Scholartis Press, 263 pages.

Irwin, Will. 1914. The Floating Laborer, Saturday Evening Post, May 9.

Iverson, Wayne. 2010. Hobo Sapien, Robert D. Reed, Publishers, Bandon, OR.

About 120 pp., this is a series of parables, or short hobo stories with a moral at the end of each. Iverson dropped out of college and spent a number of years bumming around as well as becoming a disciple of Paramahansa Yogananda and spending seven years in a monastery. The hoboing stories are short and sometimes interesting, and you can easily skip the homilies as they are all at the end of each story. There were a few details mentioned that I hadn't known about, and no glaring mistakes or misinformation. He does begin the book with a warning "DO NOT HOP FREIGHT TRAINS", which seems just a little hypocritical since he seems to enjoy it so much himself.

"IWW: A Study of American Syndicalism" by Paul F. Brissenden

Jackson, Jason. 1957. Overland Slim the Maverick; The Seven Ages of the Eventful Life of a Genuine American Hobo, New York: Greenwich Book Publishers, 99 pages.

Jacobsen, Kurt. 1994. Hail the Noble Movie Savage, The Guardian, June 9, p. 9.

Jacobsen discussed the depiction of homeless people in modern films, with historical emphasis, citing the origins of this phenomenon as Charlie Chaplin's tramp and the vicious hobo in Jean Renoir's film "Boudu Saved from Drowning".

Jacobson, G.D. 1995. Four on a Flatcar, Print Shop at Bend in the River, Everett WA. In library.

A nice memoir of riding in the late 40s, a period not well documented.

James, Joseph. 2002. In the Path of a Hobo, Xlibris Corporation.

Jefferson, David J. 1992. Weekend Hobos Try to Recapture a Romantic Past, Wall Street Journal, January 28, A/1.

A feature about the "Beverly Hills 'Bos" who live in and around Beverly Hills, CA. Some members ride the rails in their spare time, while others gather to hear and share stories about hobo life. [See Madigan1992; it is a response to this article. Madigan was the safety inspector for the Federal Railroad Administration].

Jodrey, Bill. 2002. Diary of a Hobo, Xlibris Corporation.

Johanningsmeier, Edward P. 1994. Forging American Communism: the Life of William Z. Foster.

Jones, David. 1993. Let the Hobo Myth Die: Debunking a Popular Image, Trains Magazine, 53/3: 72.

Jones, a college professor and historic railroad hobbyist, discouraged the glorification of hobo life because it serves as an incorrect role model which youths could emulate. Secondly, the popular image does not consider the harsh reality of the hobo way of life.

Jones, G.C. 1985. Growing up Hard in Harlan County, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky.

Jury, Mark. 1979. The Last American Romantic, Ambassador, March, pp. 46-52.

Kaplan, Steve. 1988. Hallelujah, I'm a Bum, Travel Holiday, November, p. 96.

The events of the National Hobo Convention in Britt, Iowa are discussed: the Hobo King and Queen Elections, parade, art fairs, carnival rides, games, races, music, poetry and story-telling, flea markets, and more. Historical facts about attendance and the hoboes' sleeping accommodations are also mentioned (empty boxcars on the outskirts of town).

Kazarian, John. 1933. The Starvation Army, The Nation, April 12-26.

Keeley, Bo. Executive Hobo: Riding the American Dream. In library.

Keeley, Steve, ed. 1986. Hobo Life in America: Training Manual, Lansing, MI: Lansing Community College. An instructional text on the tradition of riding freight trains.

Kelly, Edmond. The Elimination of the Tramp.

Kelly, Jessie. 1912. The Tramps Convention: An Entertainment in One Scene, Boston.

Kemp, Harry. 1911. The Lure of the Tramp, Independent, June 8, pp. 1270-71.

---. 1914. The Cry of Youth, New York: Mitchell, Kennerly. Available online at "archive.org/details/cryyouth00kempgoog".

---. 1920. Chanteys and Ballads, New York: Brentano's.

---. 1922. Tramping on Life, New York: Boni and Liveright. Reprinted 1927, Garden City, NY: Garden City Publishing Co. In library. Availabile online at "archive.org/details/trampingonlifea01kempgoog".

---. 1923. The Hobo, New Republic, August 22, pp. 365-66.

Kennedy, Bart. 1908. A Tramp's Philosophy, John Long, 317 pp.

Kenny, Raymond. 1911. The Hobo Convention, Survey, September, 23, pp. 862-864.

A report on The Hobo Convention (officially The Convention of the Unemployed" organized by James Eads How held in Washington, D.C. September 1-6, 1911, and the fifty or so hoboes that attended.

Kerouac, Jack. 1958. The Dharma Bums, New York: Viking Press. In library.

---. 1955. On the Road, New York: The Viking Press. In library.

---. 1960. The Vanishing American Hobo, Holiday, March, p.60.

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